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Misconceptions of History and how the Elite dictate perception
11-26-2019, 11:05 PM (This post was last modified: 11-27-2019 07:52 PM by Glimmer.)
Post: #1
Misconceptions of History and how the Elite dictate perception
History does not give a definitive picture of 'what it actually was like'. It is a constant interpretation of facts and sources. Machiavelli already knew that the struggle for interpretation is a political struggle.

The historian and author Jacques Pauwels (Ghent, 1946), who works mainly in Canada, adds in the wake of Marx that it is mainly the powerful who can push through their version of history.

In his book Big Business with Nazi Germany (2009), Pauwels illustrated this aptly with an example of the sixtieth anniversary of the troops' landing in Normandy. On this occasion, General Motors' commercials were constantly shown on American television, in which the car company praised itself as an arms supplier to the Allied troops. The fact that the company had also supplied Nazi Germany with all kinds of war-related goods was of course not mentioned in the spotlights. According to Pauwels, the only purpose of this landing was to prevent the Soviet Union from running off with most of the cake, and not, as the myth of the good war would have it, to restore the ideals of freedom, justice and democracy in Europe.

It is this teaching of history that is so steeped in class interests that Pauwels opposes it in The great myths of modern history.According to Pauwels, the financial and economic elite are always on the lookout for war, for economic reasons.
In his recently published book, Pauwels states that the financial and economic elite, in the course of history, are constantly striving for war for economic motives, but also in order to suppress revolution and hence social change in this way.

Between thirty years of Mauerfall (9 November) and Armistice Day (11 November), Vrij Nederland talked to the Belgian-Canadian historian about some widespread historical misconceptions and the driving forces of history.


You claim in your book that the First World War was a war against democracy, while American President Woodrow Wilson said the stakes were 'to make the world safe for democracy'. Wilson declared war on Germany in April 1917 because Wall Street wanted it. And Wall Street wanted it because it looked like the British and their French and other allies would lose the war without American help and would never be able to pay back the towering sums they had borrowed from the American banks, which would have been a catastrophe for Wall Street. But they couldn't tell the American public, so Wilson came up with the idea that it was a war for democracy. So in reality it was a war for the profits, the profits of Wall Street. Moreover, it was also a war against democracy. In the United States, there was still a lot of extreme poverty - now, by the way - and the people were restless and even rebellious. The state of war provided a perfect excuse for cracking down on such nuisances. Wilson has eagerly used the war to enforce repressive and undemocratic laws, laws that were never completely abolished after the war.


"Power was offered to Hitler by the German elite on a silver platter"

You also put an end to the boutade 'Hitler was also democratically elected', which is invariably used as a warning for the policy participation of all kinds of radical parties. Hitler never received a majority of the votes in the general election. His party, the NSDAP, was the largest party in Germany after the elections of the summer of 1932, but it did not have a parliamentary majority. And during the new elections in November of the same year, the NSDAP lost many votes and thus seats in the Reichstag. The communists did make electoral progress. This gave rise to fears among bankers, industrialists, noble landowners, generals and other members of the elite that a kind of popular front government could come to power. In order to prevent this, rich and powerful people were plotting behind the scenes. Result? President Hindenburg let Hitler - against all parliamentary logic - lead a coalition government with the intention that his conservative partners would keep control. It is in that highly undemocratic way that Hitler became Chancellor.

The Nazis spoke of a Machtergreifiung, as if Hitler had come to power on his own. But in reality, power was offered to him by the German elite on a silver platter, and one can rather speak of a 'power delay'.

Napoleon and Hitler are usually presented as exceptional individuals who have personally changed the course of history. In your reading of history, they are more likely to emerge as pawns.
Conventional historiography is still faithful to the nineteenth-century view that great personalities - malevolent like Hitler and heroes like Churchill - determine the course of history. In reality, economic and social factors are decisive. Take Napoleon. Napoleon Bonaparte represented the French great bourgeoisie that wanted to slow down the radicalisation of the Revolution and democratisation, a development of which Robespierre was the incarnation and the figurehead. The dictator Napoleon could still make the people dance to the tune of the economic elite. In this way the German elite in 1933 let Hitler come to power to defend its interests, which he did diligently to the bitter end. With his armament program, with his war, as I show in my book.

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11-26-2019, 11:05 PM (This post was last modified: 11-26-2019 11:08 PM by Glimmer.)
Post: #2
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the rich influence the course
The economic and social interests of the elite are better served by a dictatorship than by a democracy. Mussolini, too, was not a self-made man at all, as too many historians still do, but rather an instrument. A pawn of the country's elite who preferred dictatorship to democracy. No wonder. The economic and social interests of the elite are better served by a dictatorship than by a democracy, a system in which, thanks to the universal right to vote, the popular "mass" can impose its potential on the demographic minority that the elite simply is.'.

Under Trump, American imperialism is more aggressive and dangerous than ever, but it is wrong to attribute all that misery to the man in person.
Trump's America-First course seems to have put an end to the façade of US moral leadership. How do you feel about that?
Here, too, we have to take into account the fact that historians and journalists often overestimate the role of personalities and pay too little attention to the importance of systems, of socio-economic systems. Everyone criticises Donald Trump. But the previous presidents, not only George W. Bush but also Barack Obama, were not much better. The core problem is American imperialism and capitalism in its global, aggressive form, which does not show the slightest interest in freedom, democracy and human rights. Imperialism wants to impose its will throughout the world for the benefit of America's large banks and companies, for example, oil trusts and arms manufacturers. Contrary to all the rules of international law, American imperialism wants to eliminate politically or physically resisting governments and their leaders. This is called regime change. All the recent presidents, including Obama, were at the service of this imperialism in their own way. Under Trump, American imperialism - with or without moral frills - is more aggressive and dangerous than ever, but it is wrong to attribute all that misery to the man personally. The problem is American imperialism as such, but our media and historians devote little or no attention to that system, it does not seem to exist. Time and again they focus on the leaders, on presidents, today on Donald Trump. There is no mention of the core problem.

You denounce the history teaching in which capitalism and democracy are presented as an organically grown duality. According to you, the words of philosopher Max Horkheimer still apply today: 'If you want to talk about fascism, you cannot remain silent about capitalism'? Horkheimer was right, and he is still right. Fascism - including Hitler's German version of it, Nazism - was and is an appearance of capitalism. Capitalism did not originate in a democratic society. Capitalism, which is still young, did not greet the rise of democracy joyfully in the course of the nineteenth century; on the contrary. Democracy was linked to the enemy of capitalism: the workers' movement, socialism. In France, for example, capitalism felt particularly at home in the dictatorship of Napoleon III. And in Germany it flourished under Bismarck, the "iron chancellor" and also under the highly anti-democratic Emperor Wilhelm II.

After the fall of the latter in 1918, the democratic Weimar Republic came into being, but the Reich's bankers and industrialists had nothing but contempt for that state. Precisely because it was a democracy in which ordinary people - including the working people! - were allowed to have their say. The German capitalists dreamt of a new "strong man" such as Bismarck, a leader who would discipline the people and teach the left-wing rascals mores. They brought such a leader to power: Hitler. Under his regime capitalism flourished as never before.

Elsewhere too, the capitalists - with the cooperation of large landowners, high-ranking soldiers and tutti quanti - brought fascists to power, for example Mussolini in Italy. Capitalism has secretly deplored the downfall of the "classical" fascist regimes and the return of democracy in 1945. The capitalists' continuing predilection for fascist regimes, even after 1945, was reflected in their tolerance for Franco in Spain, their cooperation in the establishment of neo-fascist regimes such as Pinochet's, and their active support for the neo-Nazis who now reign supreme in the Ukraine.

In films that have large budgets and often receive significant financial and other support from the Pentagon, the CIA, etc., America is always presented as the altruistic champion of freedom, democracy and human rights.

On the right, it is often about the left-progressive bubble in which the media and education would find themselves. On the other hand, you say that history lessons are mainly taught to us by the media and the film industry, which are in the hands of the rich on earth.
In our so-called Western society, everyone is free to express his or her opinion, to announce his or her vision of history to the world. But some people speak with a much louder voice and have greater freedom to express their opinions and to be heard. These are the super-rich, the people who are sometimes collectively called the "1 percent". They own the media that sell history, including through Hollywood productions and TV documentaries.The super-rich rewrite history and have one big message: that they acquired their wealth through their talent, perseverance, willpower, and, of course, through their hard work, that the progress towards democracy and prosperity has come about thanks to them. America is the Mecca of the super-rich, so it shouldn't surprise us that the American film industry - successfully - promotes these kinds of images. In films that have large budgets and often receive significant financial and other support from the Pentagon, the CIA, etc., America is always presented as the altruistic champion of freedom, democracy and human rights.

The bad guys are, of course, the Nazis, but so are the Soviets, Arabs and Islamites in general, Latin American revolutionaries, you name it. Such films are praised by experts, praised in the media and awarded with Oscars. Those who, like me, see history in a completely different way, cannot count on such support


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Jacques R. Pauwels (1946) is a Belgian-Canadian historian, political scientist and publicist.

Biography
Pauwels was born in Belgium, where he studied history between 1965 and 1969 at the University of Ghent. After graduating, he emigrated to Canada. In 1976 he obtained his PhD at York University on the subject of female university students in Nazi Germany. He completed his education with an additional master's and doctoral degree in political science, obtained at the University of Toronto.

Pauwels is the author of dozens of books and articles in both English and Dutch. Much of his work has also been translated into other languages, especially French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Studies and degrees: Licenciate History, State University of Ghent, Belgium, 1969; PhD History, York University, 1976; MA Political Science, University of Toronto, 1984; PhD Political Science, University of Toronto, 1995. Lectured at various Ontario universities, including U of T, Waterloo, Guelph.

Author of numerous articles and books.

Married to Danielle Van Laere, father of David and Natalie, born respectively in 1971 and 1974 and both UofT graduates.


Degrees
1995PhD, Political Science, University of Toronto (Thesis on Canadian Foreign Investment Policy supervisor: C. Tuohy.)
1984MA, Political Science, University of Toronto
1976PhD, History, York University, Toronto (Dissertation on Women University Students in Nazi Germany; supervisor: M. Kater)

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11-27-2019, 03:53 AM
Post: #3
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the rich influence the course
Here's another one.

Communism never died. It never ended. They just infiltrated the West, and then looted the former USSR for everything that wasn't nailed down.

The demoralization campaign was (largely) successful.

When they lost control of Russia, they demonized it once again, and blamed Russia for everything the USSR did, when under Commie control. Basically the equivalent of hiring a PR firm.

Do I think Putin is able to act completely independently, and is a modern hero? Not really. I think he is doing the best he can. But like any ruler there are people he has to answer to.
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11-27-2019, 04:23 AM
Post: #4
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the rich influence the course
history =

HIS STORY
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11-27-2019, 06:30 AM
Post: #5
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the rich influence the course
this is why people should read Tolstoy "Kingdom of God is Within You". Until people can free themselves from the manipulation then the Wars will continue

people need to stop fancying those clown-suits(read Tolstoy and clown-suits will make you chuckle)
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11-27-2019, 08:01 PM
Post: #6
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the Elite dictate perception
(11-27-2019 03:53 AM)Chaos Reigns Wrote:  Here's another one.

Communism never died. It never ended. They just infiltrated the West, and then looted the former USSR for everything that wasn't nailed down.

The demoralization campaign was (largely) successful.

When they lost control of Russia, they demonized it once again, and blamed Russia for everything the USSR did, when under Commie control. Basically the equivalent of hiring a PR firm.

Do I think Putin is able to act completely independently, and is a modern hero? Not really. I think he is doing the best he can. But like any ruler there are people he has to answer to.

I noticed i am particulary interested in the powerstructures behind our society.

Quote:Do I think Putin is able to act completely independently, and is a modern hero? Not really. I think he is doing the best he can. But like any ruler there are people he has to answer to.

So who does he do answer too? I guess not the Euro aristocrats who are trying to forge a European technocratic state. Or is it all a big scheme and the bashing of Russia and Putin is one of the mechanics they use to sway opinions and cause destractions etc.?

Is it naive to think one man, and one man alone could be responsible to rule a nation as big as Russia? I think Putin has a lot of people to answer to. But once in a while he has some freedom of choice i guess. Based on authority, powerplay or strong allies.

In light of the above piece written by Mr. Pauwels he dissagrees with the theory of one man changing history. And i do too

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11-28-2019, 04:00 AM
Post: #7
RE: Misconceptions of History and how the Elite dictate perception
(11-27-2019 08:01 PM)Glimmer Wrote:  I noticed i am particulary interested in the powerstructures behind our society.

Quote:Do I think Putin is able to act completely independently, and is a modern hero? Not really. I think he is doing the best he can. But like any ruler there are people he has to answer to.

So who does he do answer too? I guess not the Euro aristocrats who are trying to forge a European technocratic state. Or is it all a big scheme and the bashing of Russia and Putin is one of the mechanics they use to sway opinions and cause destractions etc.?

Is it naive to think one man, and one man alone could be responsible to rule a nation as big as Russia? I think Putin has a lot of people to answer to. But once in a while he has some freedom of choice i guess. Based on authority, powerplay or strong allies.

In light of the above piece written by Mr. Pauwels he dissagrees with the theory of one man changing history. And i do too

Well... I think the 'Russian' mob is still quite influential. They wear suits and ties and fly in private jets, and have dual (or triple) citizenship... Now we call them 'oligarchs'.

Back in the day, medieval times, there were bandits and roaming mercenaries. These days... Lawyers and multinational corporations.
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