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http://www.wsj.com/articles/murders-in-t...1474897888

U.S. Murders Increased 10.8% in 2015

The figures, released by the FBI, could stoke worries that the trend of falling crime rates may be ending


By Devlin Barrett
Updated Sept. 26, 2016 2:26 p.m. ET

441 COMMENTS

Murders in the U.S. jumped 10.8% in 2015, according to figures released Monday by the Federal Bureau of Investigation—a sharp increase that could fuel concerns that the nation’s two-decade trend of falling crime may be ending.

The figures had been expected to rise, after preliminary data released earlier this year indicated violent crime and murders were climbing. But the double-digit increase in murders dwarfed any of the past 20 years, in which the biggest one-year jump was 3.7% in 2005.

In 2014, the FBI recorded violent crimes of all types narrowly falling, by 0.2%. In 2015, the number of violent crimes rose 3.9%, though the number of property crimes fell 2.6%, the FBI said.
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Richard Rosenfeld, a criminologist at the University of Missouri-St. Louis, said a key driver of the jump in murders may be increasing distrust of police in major cities where controversial officer shootings of African-American residents have led to protests.

Members of minority and poor communities may be more reluctant to talk to police and help them solve crimes, part of the “Ferguson effect”—a term used by law-enforcement officials referring to the aftermath of the killing of an unarmed, black 18-year-old man in Ferguson, Mo., by a policeman in 2014.

Some law-enforcement officials, including FBI Director James Comey, have said that since the Ferguson shooting and protests, some officers may be more reluctant to get out of their patrol cars and engage in the kind of difficult work that reduces street crime, out of fear they may be videotaped and criticized publicly.

“This rise is concentrated in certain large cities where police-community tensions have been notable,’’ said Mr. Rosenfeld, citing Cleveland, Baltimore, and St. Louis as examples. The increase isn’t spread evenly around America, he pointed out, but centered on big cities with large black populations.

In all, there were 15,696 instances of murder and nonnegligence manslaughter in the U.S. last year, the FBI said.

Early figures for 2016 indicate murders may still be rising.

A report by the Major Cities Chiefs Association found that for the first half of 2016, murders rose in 29 of the nation’s biggest cities while they fell in 22 others. Overall, homicides rose 15% in 2016’s first half in those 51 cities compared with the same period the year before, the group said.

While Baltimore and Washington, D.C., are seeing their murder numbers fall back down this year, Chicago has seen a tremendous jump, to 316 homicides in the first half of 2016 compared with 211 in the same period of 2015.

Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel delivered an emotional speech on crime last Thursday, and Chicago police officials have announced an increase of nearly 1,000 officers over two years.

The crime rise in such a short period of time eliminates possible causes like economic struggles or changing demographics, Mr. Rosenfeld said.

Beyond that, the new figures show a growing racial disparity in who gets killed in America.

Nationally, the murder of black Americans outpaces that of whites—7,039 African-Americans were killed last year, compared with 5,854 whites, according to the data. The races of the remaining victims is unknown because not all police departments report it.

Across the U.S., 13% of Americans identify solely as African-American and 77% identify solely as white.

In 2014, 698 more blacks were killed than whites, according to the FBI. In 2015, 1,185 more blacks were killed than whites, according to the data.

The number and percentage of killings involving guns also increased. In 2015, 71.5% of murders were committed with guns, compared with 67.9% in 2014, the FBI said. Guns have long been used in about two-thirds of killings in the U.S., data show.

Attorney General Loretta Lynch, in a speech Monday, said the report shows “we still have so much work to do. But the report also reminds us of the progress that we are making.It shows that in many communities, crime has remained stable or even decreased from historic lows reported in 2014.”

The new figures are certain to fuel the debate about what causes crime to rise and what should be done to reverse it.

John Pfaff, a professor at Fordham University School of Law, said the numbers are concerning but it is too early to draw any definite conclusions, noting that the murder rate in 2015 was still lower than in 2009.

“It’s not a giant rollback of things—2015 is the third-safest year for violent crime since 1970,’’ Mr. Pfaff said. “The last time we saw a jump like this was 1989 to 1990, and that was a much more broad increase in crime.’’

Still, the new figures could further dampen efforts in Congress to pass laws cutting prison sentences for nonviolent offenders or others.

Mr. Pfaff said the political impact of the data could be disproportionate to its actual significance.

“The politics of crime are very asymmetric,” he said. “We overreact to bad news and underreact to good news.’’

Bill Otis, a former federal prosecutor and professor at Georgetown University Law Center, said the increase marks “the largest murder spike in a generation,” and shouldn’t be treated as a statistical blip.

Mr. Otis, a conservative, blamed the rise on the release of prisoners and said the data argued against further efforts at reducing prison sentences.

Write to Devlin Barrett at devlin.barrett@wsj.com
The USA has been in a state of spiritual decay since the late 1960s. It's only getting worse.

Guns were everywhere in our countries history but the killing are out of control now because of the state of people mentally. Now we have shootings every week.
(09-29-2016 09:34 AM)pilgrim Wrote: [ -> ]The USA has been in a state of spiritual decay since the late 1960s. It's only getting worse.

Guns were everywhere in our countries history but the killing are out of control now because of the state of people mentally. Now we have shootings every week.

The U.S. murder rate also skyrocketed in the '60s -- a period, culturally, that was very similar to today.
(09-29-2016 09:34 AM)pilgrim Wrote: [ -> ]The USA has been in a state of spiritual decay since the late 1960s. It's only getting worse.

Guns were everywhere in our countries history but the killing are out of control now because of the state of people mentally. Now we have shootings every week.
What changed in the 1960s?
Prayer and God was pushed out of schools.

“One can argue, and some have, that the decision by the Supreme Court – in a series of three decisions back in 1962 and 1963 – to remove Bible and prayer from our public schools, may be the most spiritually significant event in our nation’s history over the course of the last 55 years,” Jeynes said.

On June 25, 1962, the United States Supreme Court decided in Engel v. Vitale that a prayer approved by the New York Board of Regents for use in schools violated the First Amendment because it represented establishment of religion. In 1963, in Abington School District v. Schempp, the court decided against Bible readings in public schools along the same lines.

Since 1963, Jeynes said there have been five negative developments in the nation’s public schools:

• Academic achievement has plummeted, including SAT scores.

• Increased rate of out-of-wedlock births

• Increase in illegal drug use

• Increase in juvenile crime

• Deterioration of school behavior

“So we need to realize that these actions do have consequences,” said Jeynes, professor at California State College in Long Beach and senior fellow at the Witherspoon Institute in Princeton, N.J., “When we remove that moral fiber -- that moral emphasis – this is what can result.”


http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/penn...ed-decline
Has the Supreme Court ever made a correct decision?

What does schools having prayers and Bible reading have to do with Congress making any law respecting the establishment of religion.
(09-29-2016 12:20 PM)Billygoat Wrote: [ -> ]
(09-29-2016 09:34 AM)pilgrim Wrote: [ -> ]The USA has been in a state of spiritual decay since the late 1960s. It's only getting worse.

Guns were everywhere in our countries history but the killing are out of control now because of the state of people mentally. Now we have shootings every week.
What changed in the 1960s?

Social Deconstruction/Programming By The Controllers
- Feminism
- Women's Liberation Movement
- Sexual Revolution
- Abortion Movement
- Also due to zero morality in unfettered capitalism, Hollywood Continually Pushing Publicly Accepted Morality Standards Ever Farther Away From Western Society's Millenia Long/Strongly Entrenched Relgious Christian Values (i.e. dressing with modesty , sex outside of marriage, No Divorce Allowed/Tolerated By Non-Protistant Churched, No Sexual Behavior Allowed In Media, Plays, Film, TV, etc)
- Prior To The Late 60's 90% Of People Attended Church Every Sunday
- Prior To The Late 60's Single Unwed Mothers Having Children Out Of Wedlock Were Met With Huge Shame From Family And Community, And Shunning From The Church/Family/Community
- Do I Need To Keep Going? I Can Go Forever.
What is publicly acceptable in society has changed unfreakin' believeably in my 50 years. Prior to the late 70's, when I was just entering high school, the word "sex" could not be said on TV or radio.

Until the late 60's/70's married couples could not be shown to have a single marital bed on TV. They had to show two single beds, never ever showing married couples in the same bed.
Locally, for me, the stats are about right???!!!

http://www.sfgate.com/crime/article/FBI-...399281.php
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